Indian Cooking Glossary - Indian Names Of Pulses, Spices etc


I have compiled the list from wikipedia, google translated for each language for this post. I will keep updating this page every now and then...

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Check for fruits, vegetables, dairy products glossary here

Pulses & Lentils

English Name
Tamil Name
Hindi Name
Beaten Rice
Aval
Poha
Bengal Gram
Kadala Paruppu
Chana Dal
Black Gram Sabut
Ulutham Paruppu
Urad Dal / Kaali Dal
Black Eyed Beans
Karamani
Chawli / Lobhia
Broken Wheat
Udaitha Kothumai
Dalia
Chickpeas (brown)
Karuppu Kondakalai
Chana
Chickpeas (green)
Pacha Kondakadalai
Cholia / Hara Chana
Chickpeas (white)
Kondakadalai
Kabuli Chana
Gram Flour
Kadalamavu
Besan / Chane Ka Atta
Split Green Gram Dal / Yellow Moong Dhal
Paasi Paruppu
Mung Dhal
Green Moong Dal
Pacha Payaru
Moong dal Mogar
Cowpeas
Thattapayir
Red Lobia / Bura
Hyacinth Beans
Mochakottai
Val Dal
Pearl millet
Kambu
Bajra
Sago
Javarisi
Sabudana
Finger Millet
Kelviragu
Ragi
Horse Gram
Kollu
Kulthi
Maize Flour
Sola Maavu
Makai Ka Atta
Puffed Rice
Pori
Kurmura
Red Kidney Beans
Rajma
Rajma
Red Lentil
Mysore Paruppu
Masoor Dhal
Refined Flour
Maida
Maida
Wheat Flour
Gothumai
Gehun Ka Atta
Raw Rice
Pacharisi
Chawal
Boiled Rice
Pulungal Arisi

Semolina
Ravai
Rava / Suji
Split Red Gram
Tuvaram Paruppu
Tuvar Dal / Arhar Dal
Wheat
Gothumai
Gehun

Spices & Kitchen Dailies

English Name
Tamil Name
Hindi Name
Aniseed
Sombu
Saunf
Asafoetida
Perumkayam
Hing
Basil leaves
Tulsi
Tusli ke patte
Bay leaf
Talishappattiri
Tamal patra / Tej Patta
Black Cumin Seeds
Karunj Jeeragam
Shahi Zeera
Black Cardamoms
Periya Elakkai
Badi Elachi
Green Cardamoms
Pacha Elakai
Elaichi
Cinnamon
Pattai
Dalchini
Cloves
Grambu/lavangam
Laung
Coriander seeds
Vara Kothamallli
Sukha Dhania / Sabat Dhaniya
Coriander
leaves/Cilantro
Kothamalli thalai
Dhania
Curry leaves
Karivepilai
Cadi patta
Mint leaves
Puthina
Pudina
Fenugreek seeds
Vendhayam
Methi
Garlic
Poondu
Lashun
Fresh Ginger
Inji
Adrak
Dry Ginger
Sukku
Sunth
Green chillies
Pacha Milagai
Hari Mirch
Lime
Elumichai Pazham
Nimbu
Mace
Jathi pathri
Javanthri
Mango powder
Maanga podi
Aamchur
Mint leaves
Pudhina
Pudina
Mustard seeds
Kadugu
Rai
Nutmeg
Jathikai
Kathal
Peppercorns
Milagu
Kalimirch
Pomegranate seeds
Maadhulai vithai
Anar dana
Poppy seeds
Kasakasa
Khus Khus / Post dana
Red chillies
Sigappu/vara milagai
Lal mirch
Saffron
Kumkuma poo
Kesar
Salt
Uppu
Namak
Sesame seeds
Ellu
Til
Tamarind
Puli
Imli
Thymol
Omam
Ajwain
Turmeric
Manjal
Haldi
Jaggery
Vellam
Gur


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